Posts Tagged ‘ Hugo Chavez ’

“What is Inexcusable is Venezuela’s Political Independence”

Young supporter of Venezuela's President Chavez stands at a square in San Salvador
An interview with John Pilger, conducted by Michael Albert.

Why would the U.S. want Venezuela’s government overthrown?

There are straightforward principles and dynamics at work here. Washington wants to get rid of the Venezuelan government because it is independent of U.S. designs for the region and because Venezuela has the greatest proven oil reserves in the world and uses its oil revenue to improve the quality of ordinary lives. Venezuela remains a source of inspiration for social reform in a continent ravaged by an historically rapacious U.S. An Oxfam report once famously described the Sandinista revolution in Nicaragua as ‘the threat of a good example’. That has been true in Venezuela since Hugo Chavez won his first election. The ‘threat’ of Venezuela is greater, of course, because it is not tiny and weak; it is rich and influential and regarded as such by China. The remarkable change in fortunes for millions of people in Latin America is at the heart of U.S. hostility. The U.S. has been the undeclared enemy of social progress in Latin America for two centuries. It doesn’t matter who has been in the White House: Barack Obama or Teddy Roosevelt; the U.S. will not tolerate countries with governments and cultures that put the needs of their own people first and refuse to promote or succumb to U.S. demands and pressures. A reformist social democracy with a capitalist base – such as Venezuela – is not excused by the rulers of the world. What is inexcusable is Venezuela’s political independence; only complete deference is acceptable. The ‘survival’ of Chavista Venezuela is a testament to the support of ordinary Venezuelans for their elected government – that was clear to me when I was last there.  Venezuela’s weakness is that the political ‘opposition’ — those I would call the ‘East Caracas Mob’ – represent powerful interests who have been allowed to retain critical economic power. Only when that power is diminished will Venezuela shake off the constant menace of foreign-backed, often criminal subversion. No society should have to deal with that, year in, year out.

What methods has the U.S. already used and would you anticipate their using to unseat the Bolivarian Revolution?

There are the usual crop of quislings and spies; they come and go with their media theatre of fake revelations, but the principal enemy is the media. You may recall the Venezuelan admiral who was one of the coup-plotters against Chavez in 2002, boasting during his brief tenure in power, ‘Our secret weapon was the media’. The Venezuelan media, especially television, were active participants in that coup, lying that supporters of the government were firing into a crowd of protestors from a bridge. False images and headlines went around the world. The New York Times joined in, welcoming the overthrow of a democratic ‘anti-American’ government; it usually does. Something similar happened in Caracas last year when vicious right-wing mobs were lauded as ‘peaceful protestors’ who were being ‘repressed’. This was undoubtedly the start of a Washington-backed ‘colour revolution’ openly backed by the likes of the National Endowment for Democracy – a user-friendly CIA clone. It was uncannily like the coup that Washington successfully staged in Ukraine last year.  As in Kiev, in Venezuela the ‘peaceful protestors’ set fire to government buildings and deployed snipers and were lauded by western politicians and the western media. The strategy is almost certainly to push the Maduro government to the right and so alienate its popular base. Depicting the government as dictatorial and incompetent has long been an article of bad faith among journalists and broadcasters in Venezuela and in the U.S., the U.K. and Europe. One recent U.S. ‘story’ was that of a ‘U.S. scientist jailed for trying to help Venezuela build bombs’. The implication was that Venezuela was harbouring ‘nuclear terrorists’. In fact, the disgruntled nuclear physicist had no connection whatsoever with Venezuela.

All this is reminiscent of the unrelenting attacks on Chávez, each with that peculiar malice reserved for dissenters from the west’s ‘one true way’. In 2006, Britain’s Channel 4 News effectively accused the Venezuelan president of plotting to make nuclear weapons with Iran, an absurd fantasy. The Washington correspondent, Jonathan Rugman, sneered at policies to eradicate poverty and presented Chávez as a sinister buffoon, while allowing Donald Rumsfeld, a war criminal, to liken Chavez to Hitler, unchallenged. The BBC is no different. Researchers at the University of the West of England in the UK studied the BBC’s systematic bias in reporting Venezuela over a ten-year period. They looked at 304 BBC reports and found that only three of these referred to any of the positive policies of the government. For the BBC, Venezuela’s democratic initiatives, human rights legislation, food programmes, healthcare initiatives and poverty reduction programmes did not exist. Mission Robinson, the greatest literacy programme in human history, received barely a passing mention. This virulent censorship by omission complements outright fabrications such as accusations that the Venezuelan government are a bunch of drug-dealers.  None of this is new; look at the way Cuba has been misrepresented – and assaulted – over the years. Reporters Without Borders has just issued its worldwide ranking of nations based on their claims to a free press. The US is ranked 49th, behind Malta, Niger, Burkino Faso and El Salvador.

Why might now be a prime time, internationally, for pushing toward a coup? If the primary problem is Venezuela being an example that could spread, is the emergence of a receptive audience for that example in Europe adding to the U.S. response?

It’s important to understand that Washington is ruled by true extremists, once known inside the Beltway as ‘the crazies’. This has been true since before 9/11. A few are outright fascists. Asserting U.S. dominance is their undisguised game and, as the events in Ukraine demonstrate, they are prepared to risk a nuclear war with Russia. These people should be the common enemy of all sane human beings. In Venezuela, they want a coup so that they can roll-back of some of the world’s most important social reforms – such as in Bolivia and Ecuador. They’ve already crushed the hopes of ordinary people in Honduras. The current conspiracy between the U.S. and Saudi Arabia to lower the price of oil is meant to achieve something more spectacular in Venezuela, and Russia.

What do you think the best approach might be to warding off U.S. machinations, and those of domestic Venezuelan elites as well, for the Bolivarians?

The majority people of Venezuela, and their government, need to tell the world the truth about the attacks on their country. There is a stirring across the world, and many people are listening. They don’t want perpetual instability, perpetual poverty, perpetual war, perpetual rule by the few. And they identify the principal enemy; look at the international polling surveys that ask which country presents the greatest danger to humanity. The majority of people overwhelmingly point to the U.S., and to its numerous campaigns of terror and subversion.

What do you think is the immediate responsibility of leftists outside Venezuela, and particularly in the U.S. 

That begs a question: who are these ‘leftists’? Are they the millions of liberal North Americans seduced by the specious rise of Obama and silenced by his criminalising of freedom of information and dissent? Are they those who believe what they are told by the New York Times, the Washington Post, the Guardian, the BBC? It’s an important question. ‘Leftist’ has never been a more disputed and misappropriated term. My sense is that people who live on the edge and struggle against US-backed forces in Latin America understood the true meaning of the word, just as they identify a common enemy.  If we share their principles, and a modicum of their courage, we should take direct action in our own countries, starting, I would suggest, with the propagandists in the media. Yes, it’s our responsibility, and it has never been more urgent.



Planning the Next Six Years of Venezuela’s Bolivarian Revolution

by: Tamara Pearson

Planning the detail of the transition and revolution toward a socialist and
more just society, from community and worker organization, to consciousness
building, to production and distribution systems, to combating state and
judicial corruption and bureaucracy, to agriculture, mining, petroleum,
infrastructure, and relationships with other countries, is no small task.
The truth is, it has been a hard task writing this analysis. It has
required a certain level of restraint to force myself to be selective and
pick out only the most salient points of Chavez’s 39 page proposed plan for
the 2013-2019 period of the Bolivarian revolution. All of the objectives
and strategic points and sub points seemed important, and that in of itself
reflects something wonderful, I think. For the millions of us heavily
involved in this revolution, we are so drawn in that we care what the
agricultural goals are, we’re concerned about methods for reforming the
utterly rotten judicial system, we’re watching closely to see how food
distribution progresses — even if we aren’t ourselves directly involved.
We’re reading the plan (according to the national news agency of Venezuela
(AVN) one million copies have already been distributed) and realizing just
how much we have to do, because we feel like this is our responsibility
too, not just the state’s (or Chavez’s). It’s our project.

This plan, like its predecessor, the First Socialist Plan 2007-2013, will
be taken very seriously as a guide, or reference point for where we should
be heading and what needs to be done. It will be quoted at meetings, it
will be a permanent fixture on office desks, it will be browsed at night.
And importantly, first it will be debated. Over the next six months,
various fronts, councils, organizations, and movements, will discuss the
plan and send in suggestions, as the Great Patriotic Pole (GPP) — Women’s
Council has already done. If Chavez wins the presidential elections, the
final version of the plan should be passed by the National Assembly in
January next year.

Of course, opposition presidential candidate Henrique Capriles has, as a
requirement at the time of registering for the presidential elections, had
to submit a plan as well, and I’ll briefly review his at the end of the
article. However, to compare the two plans is like comparing a Lego town
with a real city, or Harlequin ‘romance’ novels to Eduardo Galeano, or
origami tigers with the real animal. Capriles’ ‘plan’ is in fact a
pretentious collection of advertizing slogans. Even a non Spanish speaker,
taking a quick glimpse at the two (Chavez’s plan is available here and
Capriles’ here) can see who seriously intends to win the October
presidential elections, and who has lethargically hired a public relations
team to put together a few of the standard election key words used in every
single country by those vacant politicians who pretend to care about their
electorate, such as ‘progress,’ ‘quality’ and ‘future’ into a rather
childish looking power point presentation.

Chavez’s plan, double the length in pages and with about forty times the
content, is much more sophisticated and articulate in wording and
structure, opens with an introduction and a chapter on the historical
context framing the plan, whereas Capriles’ has no kind of introduction at
all, and simply leaves out a lot of vital issues such as Venezuela’s
relationship with other countries, with Latin America, and the United
States. Nor does it mention in any way culture, agriculture, the
environment, indigenous rights, racism, sexual diversity, or in fact,
laughably, most aspects of the economy.


To read the full version of the article, click below:

Hugo Chavez BBC interview part 3/3

Hugo Chavez BBC interview part 2/3

Hugo Chavez BBC interview part 1/3

Hugo Chavez launches for Presidential Elections with program for socialism

Dear Friends,
The article below reports an event that brings hope to the Venezuelan
people and to us. Hugo Chavez, recovering from cancer, is forging ahead
to challenge the Venezuelan people to take it upon themselves to change
society. “The key to building socialism,” said Chavez, is “a
popular power capable of dismantling the patterns of oppression,
exploitation and domination that persist within Venezuelan society.”

“This requires completely pulverising the bourgeois state form we
have inherited, which continues to reproduce itself via its old and
nefarious practices, and continuing to invent new forms of political
Venezuela: Chavez launches 2012 for Presidential Elections with program
for socialism

By Federico Fuentes

A farming cooperative in Paramo that practices agroecology. Land reform,
and the creation of thousands of cooperatives, are among the gains of
the Bolivarian revolution led by the government of Hugo Chavez.

Despite much speculation in the international media regarding the health
of Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez, a mass gathering of supporters
accompanied him on June 11 as he registered his candidature for the
October 7 presidential elections.

Chavez used the opportunity to address the issue of recent tests he had
undergone after his cancer treatment. “Everything came out
absolutely fine, I feel very well” said Chavez, Venezuela Analysis
reported the next day.

Responding to claims by World Bank president Robert Zoellick just three
days before that “Chavez’s days are numbered”, Venezuela
Analysis reported Chavez said: “I think the one that has its days
numbered is global capitalism, of which the World Bank is a part.”

The corporate media have focused on what investigative journalist Eva
Golinger described as “necrophiliac storytelling about the
Venezuelan President”. But Chavez said that in the election,
“the life of the country is at stake, not any old thing is at stake
here, it’s the future of the country”.

Since being first elected in 1998, Chavez’s government has led a process
known as the “Bolivarian revolution”. It has redistributed the
nation’s wealth to the poor majority, promoted participatory democracy,
begun a process of land reform and re-nationalised strategic industries.

In 2006, Chavez was re-elected with a record 63% of the vote on a
platform of deepening the revolution to build “socialism of the 21st

This difficult process has faced obstacles, and on June 11 Chavez
presented a radical election program with the aim of receiving a new
mandate to push ahead towards socialism.

In his preface to the document spelling out the program, Chavez
described it as “a program for transition towards socialism and for
radicalising participatory and protagonistic democracy”.

The program, which is being widely disseminated and discussed among the
public, proposes five key objectives.

The first is consolidating Venezuela’s political, economic, social
and cultural independence. This requires: preserving sovereignty over
Venezuela’s natural resources and its wealth; developing the
country’s scientific and technological capacities; and strengthening
“national and Latin American identity, starting from the Bolivarian
principle that `the Homeland is America’.”

This objective, the document says, also requires deepening the alliance
between the people and the military to defend the country from outside

Together with consolidating national independence, the program proposes
as its second objective the construction of 21st century socialism.

Chavez wrote: “We should not fool ourselves: the socio-economic
formation that continues to prevail in Venezuela is of a capitalist and
rent-taking character …

“Socialism has only begun to implant its own internal dynamic among

That is why “this is a program precisely to refine and deepen
[socialism]; to move towards a radical suppression of the logic of
capital that needs to be accomplished step by step, but without slowing
down the rhythm of advancement towards socialism”.

The key to building socialism, said Chavez, is “a popular power
capable of dismantling the patterns of oppression, exploitation and
domination that persist within Venezuelan society.”

“This requires completely pulverising the bourgeois state form we
have inherited, which continues to reproduce itself via its old and
nefarious practices, and continuing to invent new forms of political

In place of the old state, the introduction to the program promotes a
new state based on “the consolidation and expansion of popular

Central to this new state would be the existing communes and communal
councils that have emerged as forms of community self-government, and
the social missions, through which communities have organised themselves
to meet their education, health and other basic needs.

The third and fourth objectives locate the Venezuelan revolution within
the international context.

Chavez said the world is submerged in a “structural crisis” of
capitalism “which could become terminal”, but Latin America
continues to live through “a change of eras that is characterised by
a real and genuine change in power relations to the benefit of the great

The program proposes the promotion of greater Latin American unity aimed
at transforming the region into a peace zone. In the international
arena, it proposes contributing to building a new multipolar world based
on peace and equilibrium among nations.

The final objective, notes the introduction, is the “necessity of
constructing an ecosocialist productive economic model, based on a
harmonious relationship between humans and nature, that guarantees the
use and rational and optimal exploitation of natural resources, while
respecting the processes and cycles of nature”.

The 39-page document then goes on to list a wide range of specific
measures and policies aimed at turning these objectives into reality.

“In presenting this program,” wrote Chavez, “I do so
convinced that only with the protagonist participation of the people,
with the broadest possible discussion among the popular bases, we can
perfect it, unleashing all of its creative and liberating

With less than 100 days until the elections, polls give Chavez an
advantage of 16%-25% over his main rival, the unity candidate of the
right-wing opposition, Henrique Capriles Radonsky.

The October 7 poll looks likely to provide the Venezuelan revolution
with another crushing mandate to push forward its radical agenda.

Conscious of this, the US government and its loyal right-wing opposition
inside Venezuela will undoubtedly be doing everything in its power to
deal blows not just to Chavez, but to a revolutionary movement united
behind an anti-capitalist program.